Legal Briefs by Ron McCoy
U.S.’s UNESCO Withdrawal and the Art World; NAGPRA Repatriation Updates
In 1945, during the heady, uncertain days after World War II, the United States played a pivotal role in founding the United Nations. That same year, it helped found an ancillary organization: the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). From the start, UNESCO’s challenge lay in fulfilling its ambitiously multifaceted charge to build peace, eradicate poverty, and foster “sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information.”
“Introducing UNESCO: What We Are,” (UNESCO, n.d.), http://www.unesco.org/new/en/unesco/about-us/who-we-are/introducing-unesco/. For most of us the best-known UNESCO activity may be the World Heritage Covenant, unveiled in 1972, with its famous World Heritage list, which, at the time this column was written, contained 1073 sites in 167 countries. “Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage,” (UNESCO, n.d.), http://whc.unesco.org/en/conventiontext/. Since 2008 UNESCO has also maintained lists via its 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, recognizing, at this writing, some 470 elements distributed across 117 countries. “Browse the Lists of Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Register of Good Safeguarding Practices, Intangible Cultural Heritage (UNESCO: 2017), https://ich.unesco.org/en/lists.
Legal Committee Report
The ATADA Voluntary Returns Program - How it Works
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